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LTAD – Long Term Athlete Development
What are the stages of development of a Weightlifter?
The following is the first attempt at identifying the stages of development for a Canadian Olympic Weightlifter. This is based on international research linked to the Canadian LTAD Model. The Weightlifting LTAD Work Group is gathering further information to verify these stages. The primary consideration is the Training Age, second is developmental age and then the chronological age.
|Training Age||LTAD Stage||Objectives||Actual Age (Men)||Actual Age (Women)|
|0||Physical Literacy||Develop physical literacy and determination||0-10||0-9|
|1-2||Learn to Train||Acquisition of basic techniques/skills, easily manageable load progressions||10-13||9-12|
|3-5||Train to Train||Refinement of skills considering changes in body proportions as a result of maturation||13-17||12-16|
|5-8||Train to Compete||Accelerated development of strength and continuous refinement of skills||17-21||16-20|
|8-12||Learn to Win||Continued development of strength and stabilization of skills||21-25||20-25|
|12+||Train to Win||Maximize strength and skill mastery||25+||25+|
|Many||Active for Life||Strong for Life||14+||13+|
The primary focus of this chart is training age in relation to objectives outlined at each LTAD stage. Therefore chronological age is a secondary guide. i.e. basic technique acquisition could occur at the age of 10 years old or at 14 years old. Therefore this recognizes the requirement to individualize training programs based on ‘training age’ and ‘developmental age’.
Specific program design with relation to training age considering:
- Training Age incl. General sport training and Olympic Weightlifting age
- Developmental age = PHV related
- Maturation = early, average and late maturers
- Chronological age
- Skeletal age
- Mental, Cognitive and Emotional age
In the future, annual periodized plans will be developed based on ‘training age’. Those plans will have to be adapted by Weightlifting coach considering the other ‘ages’ of the athlete. Once adaptations are completed the coach will have an individualized training program specific to an athlete needs.
|Training Age||CWFHC Classification||LTAD Stage||Competition||Actual Age (Men)||Actual Age (Women)|
|0||Physical Literacy||Physical fitness testing.|
No formal competition.
|1-2||Novice Class||Learn to Train||Skills & Novice competitions||10-13||9-12|
|3-5||Provincial Class I - IV||Train to Train||Juvenile & Junior Events||13-17||12-16|
|5-8||National Class||Train to Compete||Junior, Senior & International B Events||17-21||16-20|
|8-12||International Class I - IV||Learn to Win||Senior, International A & B Events||21-25||20-25|
|Train to Win||Senior, International A & B Events||25+||25+|
|Many||Active for Life||Masters Competition||14+||13+|
Requirements to be an Olympic Weightlifting Coach:
- Olympic weightlifting athlete experience is strong benefit
- Study under an experienced Olympic Weightlifting Coach
- Demonstrated proficiency in the development of athletes (are the athletes demonstrating proper technique)
- A sport science degree can be an asset
|Training Age||LTAD Stage||New NCCP||Actual Age (Men)||Actual Age (Women)|
|1-2||Learn to Train||Level 1 / Club Coach||10-13||9-12|
|3-5||Train to Train||Level 2 / Club Coach||13-17||12-16|
|5-8||Train to Compete||Level 3 / Provincial Coach||17-21||16-20|
|8-12||Learn to Win||Level 4 / High Performance Coach||21-25||20-25|
|12+||Train to Win||Level 5 / High Performance Coach||25+||25+|
|Many||Active for Life||Level 1 / Club Coach||14+||13+|